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Heirloom Toys Are Special In My Life

Photo of happy lad playing with heirloom toy airplane outside

Heirloom toys are special because they can be passed down from one generation to the next generation. They often hold great sentimental value, and yet, they can be a lot of fun to play with too.

One of my favorite personal heirloom is my great-grandmother’s rocking chair. It’s really old and it has a lot of wear and tear, but it’s still so comfortable to sit in. I love spending time in it, and I feel like I’m connected to my great-grandmother whenever I use it.

An heirloom toy that I really enjoy is my grandfather’s yo-yo. He used to play with it all the time when he was a kid, and now I get to connect with him while playing with it too. It’s fun to try and do the tricks that I used to watch him do. It brings back some great memories.

Do you have any special heirloom toys that you enjoy?

The benefits of heirloom toys are many. First and foremost, is the sentimental value, this is special to me. As mentioned, they can also be a lot of fun to play with, and they can help connect us to our ancestors or loved ones. Additionally, heirloom toys are a great way to teach our kids about history and our family’s traditions. Overall, heirloom toys are a unique and special part of our lives, and we should cherish them!

Heirloom toys are often made of materials that are durable and can last for generations. This includes materials like wood, metal, and cloth. They can also be made of more delicate materials like glass or porcelain, which can add to their specialness.

Heirloom toys should be passed down from one generation to the next, or they can be given as gifts. Either way, they are a great way to keep our family’s history and traditions alive. If you are lucky enough to have an heirloom toy, cherish it!

Heirloom toys are a unique and special part of our lives, and we are lucky to have them. They often have invoke memories and unique value, which is very special. They are a lot of fun to play with, and they can help connect us to our ancestors or loved ones from long ago. Additionally, heirloom toys can be a great way to teach our kids family’s traditions.

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Principles of Good Web Design

Principles of Good Web Design 

There are many different design principles that can be followed when creating a website. However, not all of these principles may be applicable to every website. It is important to consider the purpose of the website and the target audience before deciding which design principles to follow.

Some basic web design principles that are often followed include simplicity, usability, and visual appeal. These principles help to create a website that is easy to use and navigate for users, while also providing them with information in an visually appealing way.

Simplicity

One of the most important design principles to follow is simplicity. A website should be easy for users to understand and use. This means that the layout should be clean and uncluttered, and navigation should be easy to follow. Information should be presented in a clear and concise way, without being overwhelming.

Usability

Another important design principle is usability. A website should be easy for users to navigate and find the information they are looking for. The navigation should be intuitive and easy to use. Users should be able to quickly find the information they need without difficulty.

Visual Appeal

In addition to simplicity and usability, another important design principle is visual appeal. Websites should be visually appealing so that users will want to stay on the site and explore its content. The color scheme, imagery, and overall layout of the site should be pleasing to the eye.

When designing a website, it is important to consider all of these design principles. By keeping these principles in mind, you can create a website that is both user-friendly and visually appealing.

When looking for a web design company, it is important to consider the principles mentioned above. The company should be able to create a website that is simple and easy to use, while also being visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

It is also important to consider the cost of the services offered by the company. Make sure you are getting good value for your money. Ask for references from previous clients and review the company’s portfolio to get a better idea of their work.

When choosing a web design company, make sure you consider the principles of simplicity, usability, and visual appeal. The company should be able to create a website that is both user-friendly and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

Make sure you are getting good value for your money by asking for references from previous and review the company’s portfolio. Choose a web design company that can create a website that is simple, easy to use, and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

When looking for a web design company, it is important to consider principles such as simplicity, usability, and visual appeal. The company should be able to create a website that is both user-friendly and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

It is also important to consider the cost of the services offered by the company. Make sure you are getting good value for your money by asking for references from previous clients and reviewing the company’s portfolio.

Choose a web design company that can create a website that is simple, easy to use, and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business. By considering all of these factors, you can be sure to find a web design company that will provide you with great website for your business.

Can you touch a rainbow?

Rainbow over a lone tree in the desert

You can’t touch a rainbow because it’s not a physical thing; it’s instead a reflection, refraction, and dispersion of sunlight inside water droplets in the atmosphere. The source of the rainbow may be a variety of substances in the air such as rain, mist, spray, airborne dew, and so on.

There are many legends of people who have come in contact with the colors of a rainbow, but it’s nothing more than an old myth. You can’t touch a rainbow!

As already discussed, rainbows happen when sunlight passes through water droplets in the air, causing light to split into different colors that appear as arcs across the sky.  

Rainbows may be seen all around you. Consider how many times you’ve seen rainbows in your life. If it’s every time you go out during the day, you’re correct! They’re all around us and easy to come by, but there’s no doubting that they’re not real.

Many individuals claim to have touched a rainbow before, but we aren’t buying it – it’s just an old myth! You don’t need to trust us; please attempt to touch the next rainbow you see and let us know how it goes! 

Although an artist may have the capability or talent to create a realistic-looking rainbow if the conditions are right, a real rainbow will never be touched.

With so many myths surrounding rainbows, including people who claim to have touched them, it’s hard to know what’s true and what isn’t. But at the end of the day, there is no denying that rainbows are beautiful spectacles that leave us in awe, but also cannot be touched!

What is Synesthesia?

Synesthesia (British spelling synaesthesia) is a rare trait that gives rise to a type of ‘merging of sensations’. Some synaesthetes see colors when they hear music, for example. For other synaesthetes, colors might attach to letters, numbers or words (e.g., A might be red, Monday might be green). There are many different types of synaesthesia, triggering colors, shapes, smells, tastes and so on;

Synesthesia is a condition where different senses merge together. This can happen when people see colors when they hear music, or when they see words or numbers as having certain colors.

Synesthesia is said to be fairly common, yet not all synaesthetes wish to discuss it. People who don’t have synesthesia may believe that synaesthetes are merely making everything up because they can’t comprehend what it’s like to see the world in this way.

Synaesthesia is a condition where people experience different senses in unusual ways. For example, they might smell sounds, see shapes when they think about numbers, or taste colors. Although it is a common condition, not everyone wants to talk about it because other people can’t imagine what it’s like to experience the world this way.

Synesthetes are simply ordinary people with a strange brain quirk. Because it feels completely natural to them, they don’t think of their way of experiencing the world as unusual or weird.

What are the Flavors of the Rainbow?

Are we actually able to taste the colors of a rainbow? Well, some people can. And the flavors they experience can be quite interesting.

When it comes to colors, the culinary world has a much wider range of hues to work with than other fields. Have you ever considered what these various colors mean in terms of taste?

  • Red is the color of ripe tomatoes, strawberries, and cherries. It’s also the color of spices like cayenne pepper and paprika. Red flavors are typically fruity and sweet, but they can also be fresh and sour.

Blue is supposed to enhance memory, boost attention and mental energy, help with asthma, calm down emotions and nerves, reduce inflammation, increase energy levels, strengthen the immune system, fight cancer (particularly in men), relieve headaches (especially migraines), detoxify the liver, improve skin elasticity. Red may assist with heart health by reducing inflammation and protecting against cell damage. It may also improve blood flow and help reduce hypertension, although more research is needed to confirm these effects.

Cooking tip: Sautéing vegetables in a little olive oil will help bring out the flavor of this color, or try using red wine vinegar which has a more intense flavor.

  • Orange is the color of carrots, marigolds, sweet potatoes and cantaloupe. It’s also the color of spices like turmeric, cumin and paprika. Orange flavors are typically earthy and hearty, but they can also be sweet and tangy.

Orange is supposed to help manage blood sugar levels, enhance eyesight, support the immune system, combat cancer, reduce inflammation, and improve brain function.

Cooking tip: Roasting vegetables in the oven will bring out their natural sweetness and add a delicious depth of flavor. Try using carrots, pumpkin or butternut squash, and adding a little honey for sweetness.

  • Yellow is the color of corn, lemons and bananas. It’s also the color of spices like saffron, turmeric and cinnamon. Yellow flavors are typically fresh and tangy, but they can also be sweet and nutty.

Yellow is supposed to help with inflammation, the immune system, digestion, energy, and detoxifying the liver.

Cooking tip: Add a little lemon juice or zest to salads, chicken dishes, fish, rice or quinoa for a zesty twist.

  • Green is the color of avocado, broccoli and celery. It’s also the color of spices like mint, basil and thyme. Green flavors are typically fresh and earthy, but they can also be nutty and sweet.

Green tea has been shown to help with a variety of health issues, including bowel health, vision, inflammation, immunological function, cancer prevention and wrinkle & fine line reduction.

Cooking tip: Grilling green vegetables like asparagus, zucchini and broccoli is a delicious way to bring out their flavor. Add a little lemon juice or olive oil for extra creaminess.

  • Blue is the color of blueberries, grapefruits and eggplant. It’s also the color of spices like lavender, sage and thyme. Blue flavors are typically sweet and floral, but they can also be earthy and savory.

Blue is supposed to boost brain function, reduce inflammation, detoxify the liver, prevent wrinkles and fine lines, and improve skin suppleness.

Cooking tip: Try adding some fresh or dried blueberries to your next salad for a sweet and tangy flavor.

  • Purple is the color of eggplant, figs and plums. It’s also the hue of herbs such as lavender, sage, and thyme. Purple tastes are often sweet and flowery, but they can be earthy and savory as well.

Purple is recognized to help boost brain function, reduce inflammation, detoxify the liver, prevent wrinkles and fine lines, and improve skin suppleness.

Cooking tip: Try grilling eggplant slices and then drizzling them with honey for a nice sweet flavor that goes well with almost anything.

  • Garlic, onions, and mushrooms are all known for their white hues. It’s also the color of spices like nutmeg, cinnamon, and allspice. White tastes are typically earthy and savory, but they can also be sweet and nutty.

White is said to help improve brain function, reduce inflammation, detoxify the liver, prevent wrinkles & fine lines & improve skin elasticity.

Cooking tip: Sautéing onions and garlic in a little olive oil before adding them to soups, stews and sauces brings out their savory flavor.

  • Cooked eggs, olives and mushrooms are all examples of the color gray. Spices such as juniper berry, coriander seed, thyme and sage are also gray in color. Gray tastes tend to be earthy and nutty.

Gray is said to help reduce inflammation, prevent wrinkles & fine lines & improve skin elasticity.

Cooking tip: Try adding some dried mushrooms to your next dish for a nice earthy flavor.

  • Pink is the color of strawberries, watermelon and rose petals. It’s also the color of spices like mint, basil and oregano. Pink flavors are typically sweet and fresh, but they can also be nutty and savory.

The use of pink gemstones is thought to help boost brain activity, reduce inflammation, prevent wrinkles and fine lines, as well as improve skin suppleness.

Cooking tip: Try adding some fresh strawberries to your next salad for a sweet/tangy flavor. 

  • Brown is the color of many foods. It is the color of ground beef, mushrooms and truffles. Brown can also be the color of spices like allspice, nutmeg and cinnamon. Brown flavors are often earthy or savory, but they can also be fresh and nutty.

Brown is said to help reduce inflammation, improve digestion, increase energy & boost the immune system.

Cooking tip: Try adding some cooked ground beef to your next dish for a protein boost.

There are people who actually are able to “merge” their senses. These people have synesthesia.

Ok, if some people are able to “taste” a rainbow, can we touch a rainbow?

Has anybody ever found the end of a rainbow?

The mythical “end of the rainbow” was found in Charlotte, North Carolina, on Jul 13, 2020, near the town of Thomasville. Video of the elusive spot was posted on Facebook by photographer Katelyn Sebastian of Winston-Salem, revealing the rainbow led straight to Interstate 85, about 80 miles northeast of Charlotte. (https://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/state/north-carolina/article244178552.html)

And in the words of one of the most beloved frogs of all time, “Someday we’ll find it, the rainbow connection. The lovers, the dreamers and me…”. ~Kermit the Frog, “Rainbow Connection”

(https://genius.com/The-muppets-rainbow-connection-lyrics)

In conclusion, there is no physical evidence that you can touch a rainbow. It’s an optical illusion caused by the refraction and dispersion of light inside water droplets in the atmosphere. While many people claim to have touched a rainbow before, this old myth is nothing more than just that – a myth.

Can water come up through concrete basement floor?

Few things strike fear into homeowners like finding water on the basement floor for the first time. It is a legitimate concern as it can indicate bigger problems and should be taken seriously. Why and how water is coming up through the basement floor can vary, so some investigation is needed before panicking.

Before you enter your basement, evaluate the danger. Any plugs, outlets, or appliances in or near water can conduct electricity, so it’s critical to turn off the power supply and then get a flashlight to do some investigation.

Next, confirm that the water is coming up from the basement floor and not dripping down from any pipes above. Once you’re sure it’s not flooding from pipework, you can determine the cause of the leak.

Common Causes of Flooding 

There are a few questions to consider first:

  • Does your area have known groundwater issues with basements and foundations? 
  • Have you had heavy rain or fast-melting snow lately? 
  • Is there a burst city pipe or construction by your property?
  • Have you had wind or other weather issues that could have moved where downspouts are dumping rainwater?
  • Have any pipes under the concrete burst?

Groundwater and the Water Table 

If water is not from pipes and plumbing, the leading cause of basement groundwater is the water table rising. The water table is where water saturation begins in soil, but it is not static, and it rises and falls depending on weather and seasons. For example, the water table near a lake is much higher and closer to the ground surface than in a plateau or desert area, and it rises quickly in poor weather, like flooding or seasonal snow melting.

With floods and snow melt the water saturation continues to increase, and water level in the soil keeps rising until it eventually meets the ground surface. If your basement is in the way, and there are any structural deficiencies or cracks in the concrete, then your basement becomes the path of least resistance, and the groundwater goes there.

Rising groundwater causes hydrostatic pressure, which causes soil to push on your basement walls and floor. This can cause cracks to form in basement concrete, particularly in wet seasons, and is usually why there’s water in your basement after rain.

Water Entry Points 

If groundwater and flooding are causing your basement water problems, it can be hard to identify where the water is entering the basement. Hydrostatic pressure makes water look for the easiest way into your basement. So, what’s failing and where? Things like mold, efflorescence, mildew and stains can indicate where a  water problem has been coming from over a longer period, but they won’t be there if this is a new problem for you.

Here are several points of entry that could be the source of your water issues:

  • Window wells: These are intended to help more light come into the basement while keeping dirt and water away from the window. Unfortunately, they can become blocked or filled with debris over time, and if they are not draining well, water will make its way through flaws in the construction.
  • Wall cracks: This can be serious. A crack in the wall can be a structural problem with the foundation, and everything in your home depends on foundation’s integrity. If water gets into the crack and the temperature drops, the water can freeze and further increase the crack. Hydraulic cement can be a very good patching solution, it is best to consult with a professional to guarantee that the foundation integrity has not been compromised.
  • Honeycomb concrete: Poorly mixed concrete that was poured for your foundation can cause air pockets to form that can eventually give way under hydrostatic pressure. This gives water entry points of all sizes in random spots.
  • Mortar joints: These are often found in older homes, mortar can eventually crumble or deteriorate, losing water resistance. This is a problem that can be repaired, but it can indicate multiple leaks, and each is quite hard to diagnose, as the cracks can be small and tricky to locate. 

Dealing With Water in the Basement 

Basement leak repair can be expensive. If you have cracks in your basement floor, and it’s because of hydrostatic pressure, the good news is that it can be mitigated, but it will be costly. Installing drain tile is the best solution. Concrete is cut to install a network of piping that guides the water build-up away from possible entry points into your basement. It relieves the pressure and saves your slab.

Waterproofing your walls and concrete floor is another good option. While there are products you can apply yourself, it is very labor intensive. You will need topatch all cracks first and then wire-scrub and clean all surfaces so the proofing sticks properly. Waterproofing is not as effective unless the exterior is also done, which must be completed by a waterproofing professional. 

Outside Solutions to Leaky Basements 

If the problem isn’t coming up from the underground water table, it is coming down to the basement, and a big cause of that is weeping and perimeter water damage. The primary cause can be clogged gutters. Debris blocking proper drainage down gutters means the water is overflowing and seeping down along your home’s perimeter and saturating the soil by your basement walls.

After that, consider the grading. Is your property’s pitch leading away from the house or leading to it? Some simple landscaping lets you alter the path water takes, easily guiding it away from your home.

Maintain Your Plumbing 

Sewer and water lines are big offenders in water damage of any kind in homes because they can clog and back up, creating water or waste leaks. Worse still, they can crack and break under pressure, creating a very expensive repair. Be proactive in your efforts to avoid this and have a professional flush your lines every 18 to 24 months. Warning signs are when water starts to drain slowly, or you hear gurgling in the pipes.

Never flush wipes even if they claim to be flushable. Never pour fats, oils, starches or coffee grinds down drains. Nothing larger than a pea should go down the kitchen sink.

While it might be inconvenient to not pour things down the drain, repairing plumbing can be one of the most expensive problems homeowners deal with, depending how pervasive it is. Practicing good habits with what goes down may help prevent what comes out or up.

How Much Does Face Painting Cost?

Face painting has become such a great entertainment option for children’s parties. It’s also not just kid’s parties – face painters are a big hit at adult birthday bashes, wedding showers, and baby showers (belly painting, anyone?!)  You can hire a professional painter for birthday parties, Sweet 16s, bat and bar mitzvahs, festivals, school events, holiday parties, corporate parties, and more. Many face painting pros can provide other types of entertainment including costumed guests (like Elsa or Olaf), clowns balloon creatures, caricature artists, and magicians. Sometimes you may even be able to secure a discount on party entertainment services if you book multiple entertainers from the same company.

Professional face painting is interactive and fun way to not only keeps people entertained, but also doubles as a party favor

The majority of face painters have an hourly rate or set price for their services. The artist’s hourly rate can vary depending on a number of factors including the age and number of guests, what they are painting (just cheeks, half or full-face designs) and location. Full face designs may come with a higher price than cheek or half face designs, as they require more face paint. The location of your event can also impact the price, as artists may travel depending on distance traveled. When you are booking a face painting professional, you will need to let them know how many guests to expect and what the age range will be. Young children under the age of 5 tend to take longer to paint, they are usually much more squirmy than older kids! Once you have provided the details of the event, the artist will estimate how many faces they can paint per hour and how long it will take for them to paint everyone in attendance.

Let your artist know if you have a particular theme or color scheme for your party. This allows them to prepare design, colors and embellishments to compliment your event. Your princess party will likely not require the same supplies as a dinosaur superhero party. If you have any preference on what the artist should wear, make sure to discuss that with them in advance. 

There are several cost factors that going into hiring a face painter, including:

Hours

Most face painting artists charge hourly rates. Their hourly rate takes into account business overhead (like insurance and taxes), the cost of materials (face paint, brushes, etc.), prep time for parties (including research and practice designs), special outfits or costumes they wear, the cost of travel and transportation, and actual time they spend painting faces at your party. Like most services, the longer you want to book your face painter for your event, the higher the total cost will be. Some face painting professionals offer discounts for longer events, so it’s best to ask how their rates vary depending on party length. 

Typically face painters require a minimum number of hours for their services. This ensures that their operating costs are covered when they accept a job, put on their costume or work clothes, pack up their paints, and get to your location.  

Variable Rates

Some face painting professionals may charge a variable rate for their services. For example, an artist might charge an average $85-$125 per hour depending on the number of people, travel distance to the event and the type of service provided. In order to avoid surprises the day of your event, be sure you clearly understand how your face painter charges. 

Set Rates

Professional face painters may offer a set hours rate that is not dependant on the number of guests or types of designs. Additional fees may still apply for travel, so be sure to clarify all charges. Some examples of set rate pricing would like like:

Artist A: $75 per hour, within service area

Artist B: $125 per hour, with a two-hour minimum

Artist C: Starts at $115 per hour

Travel

Often reflected in the cost for services will be time and expense required for travel to an even. Some artists may charge a higher price per hour or a separate travel fee or require a minimum number of hours for attending an event. For example, an artist may stipulate  a minimum of 2 hours for any event over 50 miles away.

Full-Face Vs. Cheek Painting 

Often times cheek art will require less time and less paint per guest than half-face or full-face art. When offering a price estimate, your artist will determine which service you prefer for your event and quote a higher or lower hourly rate that is appropriate for what you’re looking to have at your party. Face painting pros use professional products that blend well and have gorgeous color. The materials cost more than the cheap face paints you may have bought at the craft or Halloween stores,  and they also look much better. If you are looking to have very large or intricate designs, this will affect the cost. These types of designs will use more materials and the more elaborate the design, the fewer faces painted per hour.

Community Events and Festivals

Having a face painter at your festival, fundraiser or charity event is great entertainment option. When you are organizing a large event where you will not be covering expenses for attendees, you can pay the set-up fee for an artist, and then your guests can pay an individual fee for face painting. 

For example, an artist may charge a small setup cost to organizers of large fairs, then charge each customer $5-$20 depending on the type design they request. As usually, cheek painting costs less than full-face or half-face painting. As the event organizer, you can avoid the burden of the face painter’s full hourly rate while still providing entertainment for your guests. On average, artists can paint approximately 15 faces per hour, depending on the age of the guests and the designs requested. 

Safety

Face paint and novelty makeup is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration to ensure its ingredients are safe for direct application on your skin, including children’s skin. If you want more information about the safety of specific ingredients, it is recommended you do additional research. 

If your child has allergies, sensitive skin, or has never had face paint before, use extra caution to avoid rashes and adverse reactions. 

Removing face paint

If you are a party host providing face painting for all the kids — big or little — be sure to tell your guests how to safely remove the paint once the festivities are done. According to the FDA, leaving face paint on overnight can lead to possible skin or eye irritation. Ask your face painter to let each guest (or their parent) know the appropriate way to remove that brand of paint once the party’s over. The FDA explains that it’s important to follow directions to the letter: use cold cream if the directions say so, or soap and water, or eye makeup remover. Each company uses different formulas for their novelty makeup and has researched the appropriate way to safely remove it.

How To Qualify For Home Health Care

If you have a medical condition that makes it difficult for you to get out and about, home healthcare could be a more comfortable, cost-effective, and effective option.

Original Medicare (Parts A and B) may sometimes cover medical care provided to you at home if you are homebound. Following an illness or injury, Medicare may pay for some in-home assistance with your daily needs for a limited time.

However, if you need long-term assistance with everyday tasks in your home, you should be aware that Medicare usually does not cover those services.

Is there any coverage for caregivers under Medicare?

The type of treatment you need, the reason you need care, and the amount of time you’ll need it all determine if Medicare will cover in-home caregivers.

Health treatment delivered to your home

If any of the above applies to you and you’re homebound due to an illness or accident, you can use Medicare home health benefits:

  • You are only allowed to leave the house for brief outings, such as to the doctor or religious services. One exception: if you go to adult day care, you will always get in-home care.
  • The doctor confirms that you need at-home treatment and drafts a plan detailing the services you will need.
  • You need professional nursing assistance (less than 8 hours per day and no more than 28 hours per week, for up to 3 weeks).
  • Your doctor believes your condition will improve in a fair, or at the very least predictable, time frame.
  • •You’ll need a professional physical, occupational, or speech therapist to come up with a plan to help you improve, preserve your current health, or avoid getting worse.
  • You need a home health aide to help care for you while you recover.
  • The home health agency providing your care is Medicare-approved or certified.

You must see your doctor less than 90 days before or 30 days after you begin accessing home healthcare services to be eligible for in-home treatment.

What types of services will I get at home?

Medicare provides a wide range of programs, some of which can be delivered right to your door. Some programs and the Medicare regulations that apply to them are mentioned below.

Physical therapy 

If you see a physical therapist in your house, Medicare is likely to provide the following services:

  • assessment of your condition
  • gait training and exercises to help you recover from surgery, injuries, illnesses, or neurological conditions like stroke
  • postoperative wound care
  • wound care for injuries, burns, or lesions

Occupational therapy 

If you are treated at home by an occupational therapist, you can continue to receive the following services:

  • assistance in developing regular schedules for taking drugs, meal preparation, and personal care.
  • showing you how to carry out everyday tasks safely 
  • assisting you in regaining the ability to work, considering your needs and condition 
  • assisting you in carrying out your doctor’s orders

Speech therapy 

  • Here are some of the services you can receive if a speech therapist visits you at home:
  • education about alternative ways to talk if you can’t understand 
  • education about different ways to communicate if you’ve lost your hearing
  • therapy to help you recover the ability to swallow 
  • therapy to help you eat and drink as naturally as possible

Nursing assistance

If a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse visits you at home to provide treatment, they may: 

  • change your wound dressings
  • change your catheter 
  • inject medications
  • administer IV drugs
  • teach you how to use your drugs and take care of yourself

Home Health Aides

In contrast, home health aides are more likely to assist you with the following services:

  • checking that you’re eating and drinking in a healthy way, such as tracking your vital signs including heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature 
  • ensuring that you’re taking your drugs as prescribed
  • determining if your home is safe for you, given your needs and condition

Other Services

In-home social services may also be available to you. If you qualify, you may receive assistance in locating community services to assist you in adjusting to your condition. You may also undergo social, mental, or psychological therapy as a result of your illness.

In-home Custodial Care

Caregivers who assist you with activities of daily life are normally not covered by Medicare unless they are required for a limited time as you recover from an illness or injury.

Food delivery or preparation, shopping, washing, housekeeping or cleaning, assistance bathing and dressing, and assistance using the toilet are all examples of custodial care. If these are the only services you need, Medicare will not pay for a caregiver to provide them in your home.

Medicare has a website to help you locate a home health agency in your region.. If you’ve found a local provider, you can use Medicare’s home health agency checklist to see whether they’ll have the quality of treatment you need.

Your state survey department maintains an up-to-date study on the quality of home healthcare services provided. To find the phone number or email address of the agency in your state, consult Medicare’s resource guide or the survey agency list.

You can only receive treatment from one home health agency at a time if you have Medicare. You will need a new recommendation from your doctor if you plan to switch agencies. You will also need to inform your old agency that you’re switching providers.

If you just need custodial treatment including housekeeping and personal care, Medicare won’t pay for an in-home caregiver. If it’s medically necessary and your doctor certifies that you’re homebound, Medicare can cover some short-term custodial care.

If you’re homebound due to surgery, sickness, or accident, Medicare will cover home health services such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, professional nursing care, and social services.

Your doctor must sign off on the services as medically required, and your home health agency must be Medicare-approved.

Criminal Justice System Problems and Solutions

Criminal Justice System Problems and Solutions

Before returning to society, a society with a just system must punish offenders for their misdeeds. In many cases, however, the penalty does not match the crime. When it does, far too many are denied access to the tools necessary to become productive citizens. This is now the norm in the United States, where obstacles to redemption are produced by legislatures and the courts. The problem is that lawmakers are often swayed by lobbyists who perpetuate myths about crime and criminals. The solutions to these problems must come from outside of government.

So much change is required. The United States has just over five percent of the world’s population but nearly 25% of the global prison population. Criminal justice in the United States offers numerous areas for sensible reform that might help thousands of people rediscover their lives and gain a fresh perspective on life.

There are five key areas where change is needed: sentencing, prisons, pardons, probation, and re-entry. In terms of sentencing, lawmakers must recognize that one size does not fit all. A person who steals a loaf of bread should not receive the same sentence as a person who commits murder. There needs to be a focus on rehabilitation, rather than retribution. 

How can we improve the police system?

Solutions to Create Fair and Effective Policing Practices

1) Create National Use of Force Guidelines

2) Hold Police Departments Responsible for Negligence

3) Screen for Implicit Bias and Aggression

4) Focus on Collaborative Approaches to Policing

5) Encourage Consistent Monitoring and Screening

What are the 3 goals of criminal justice system?

Some goals of the modern criminal justice system include crime prevention, protecting the community, victim support, holding perps responsible for crimes committed, and helping offenders return to society as law-abiding citizens.

What are some problems in criminal justice system?

  1. Drug Use and the Crime Cycle

Between fifty and eighty percent of people test positive for drugs when arrested. Leading to a vicious cycle of criminal acts and drug use going hand in hand.

  1. Youth in the Criminal Justice System

How juvenile offenders are viewed needs to be examined. For example, are they “big” felony arrests or misdemeanors? Focus on restorative justice or community safety? Are they mutually exclusive?

  1. High Incarceration Rate

Recent available data, shows two million people were incarcerated for crimes in the US and almost seven million under supervision. Why this is an issue affecting more than the accused but its impacts on those in and out of communities where the crimes took place.

  1. Violence Against Women

Around 1.3 million women are physically assaulted by a close partner each year, with stalking even more common than previously thought, meaning we need to improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice system’s response to these crimes.

  1. “Three Strikes” Legislation

An increased amount  of states use this system which states that if someone is arrested and convicted three times they’re “out.”Like some sort of game played with people’s lives. We need to consider alternate sentencing and prevention paradigms as one size does not fit all.

POLICY SOLUTION: Abolish or curb Three Strikes laws, limit “pay to pay” and “pay to stay” fees, bring back the parole system, and reduce reliance on mandatory minimum sentencing.

  1. The state should overturn the current Three Strikes law. Short of that, the state should overturn life sentences for those that have convictions on crimes that are no longer considered “strikes.” 
  2. Reduce the state’s fiscal reliance on very low-income defendants and their families to pay for the criminal justice system
  3. Extend the same consumer and worker protections to people behind prison walls that are available to people outside.
  1. Law enforcement and policing

Sending armed officers in response to 911 calls often leads to horrible outcomes and situations, resulting in many people from minority groups or addicts not making calls to emergency services because they are scared that the responders will be police officers. Reforming the system to ensure the correct responders are sent to handle each specific call, especially with drug and alcohol-related and psychological distress situations is imperative.

  1. The 1994 Crime Bill

The 1994 Crime Bill increased the number and length of incarcerations with even more funding going into building jails and prisons. Also, the possibility of early release was reduced. These measures increased the amount of taxpayers’ money invested in enforcement and led to a disproportionate number of incarcerations among African-American men. Its effect on public safety was minimal.

  1. Mandatory minimum sentencing

Mandatory minimum sentencing is the minimum sentence a court can give for a specific crime, even if there are unique circumstances. Unfortunately, even though more than half of federal inmates are incarcerated under these mandatory provisions, there is no correlated increase in public safety.

  1. Poverty continues inhibiting prevention and recidivism

Some of the issues contributing to the high number of incarcerations include drug use and mental health. The money set aside for policing and detentions could be better spent on community prevention and treatment programs. 

Recidivism can also be reduced if the federal Pell Grants were restored to inmates. These grants allowed federal education support and financial aid to help rehabilitate those incarcerated and giving them a second chance.

Additionally, the system requiring people to pay cash bail adds to the problem. It is estimated that 3 out of 5 people in jail have not been convicted for a crime, but are too poor to meet the bail set by the court.

  1. Handling of juveniles

Juveniles are often tried as adults in the criminal justice system, and they are not given parole eligibility. Also, policing of neighborhoods and schools often criminalizes minor offenses and contributes to unnecessary violence. This leads to a stigma or psychological trauma that can lead to increased criminal activities.

How can we improve criminal justice?

  1. Criminal Justice Policy Solutions
  2. Promote Community Safety through Alternatives to Incarceration
  3. Create Fair and Effective Policing Practices
  4. Promote Justice in Pre-Trial Services & Practices
  5. Enhance Prosecutorial Integrity
  6. Ensure Fair Trials and Quality Indigent Defense
  7. Encourage Equitable Sentencing

Prisons also need to be overhauled. They should be smaller, and there should be more focus on rehabilitation and education. Pardons must be easier to obtain, and probation should be more effective. Finally, re-entry needs to be improved. There are too many barriers to overcome, and the process needs to be streamlined.

These solutions will not be easy, but they are necessary. The status quo is not working, and it is time for a change.

Selecting A Community College 

Today, colleges are more accessible than ever before. The market is filled with different education programs that all promise to provide you with an education that will help you succeed in the future. Unfortunately, not all of these options are valid or reputable; there are countless scams out there looking to take advantage of people interested in making a change for their future. 

Selecting a community college is a great place to start if you’re one of those people.

What is a community college? A community college is an educational institution that provides the opportunity for students to obtain their first two years of a four-year degree at a fraction of the cost. At these institutions, students can gain credits to qualify for transfer into a larger university or institute after completion

What should I consider before selecting a community college?

Many factors go into choosing a new school, and it’s essential that you understand them all before making a decision on where you’ll start your education. The main thing is going to be the atmosphere, is the community college the right learning environment for you. 

Next, you will want to consider location. If transportation is an issue, then you’ll want to find a school close by where you live so that commuting is convenient and less of a hassle. You also don’t want the commute taking up too much time as it will impact your ability to work or take care of yourself.

Next, academic culture is important as well. Unfortunately, not every school has the same values when it comes to learning and some view their programs more like sporting teams than places of education, meaning if sports are important to you, then this place may be right for you. But if you see college primarily as a place to study and learn how To Select A Community College, then perhaps look elsewhere.

Finally, you’re going to want to consider the cost of your education. It is very possible that you’ll have some, if not all, of your schooling paid for by grants and scholarships, so don’t let those costs keep you from doing what’s best for you.

Also consider the return on investment compared with a four-year institution. 

At the end of the day, it’s important to know how to select a community college. By considering these factors first, you can narrow down your options and increase your chances of satisfaction in the long run! 

Keep this information in mind when deciding where to pursue years two through four of your college career. You won’t regret it!

What Are Criminal Jusice Major Salaries?

Criminal justice degrees tend to attract individuals who enjoy helping others and who want to make a difference in their local communities. The criminal justice field encompasses dozens of rewarding job opportunities in areas like crime prevention, victim advocacy, corrections/rehabilitation, and investigative work.

Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors vary on how one ultimately applies their degree and their career goals and ambitions.  Potential careers for graduates with a criminal justice degree depend on degree specialization and type. 

For example, learners focusing on forensics may find jobs as forensic scientists. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), forensic science technicians earn a median salary of $59,150 per year, with a 14% projected job growth rate from 2018-2028.

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, These are the Top 10 Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors:

JOB MEDIAN ANNUAL SALARY

Lawyer $122,960

Homeland Security $77,000

Homicide Detective $74,380

Forensic Accountant $71,560

Forensic Psychologist $69,510

Criminal Investigator $67,170

DEA Agent $66,450

Secret Service Agent $65,000

FBI Agent $64,060

Forensic Science Technician $59,150

Jobs You Can Get With a Degree in Criminal Justice

One of the most appealing aspects of working in criminal justice is the diversity of career options available. Criminal justice examines concepts in areas including criminology, psychology, and sociology. This interdisciplinary nature leads to careers in a variety of settings. 

Graduates may pursue employment with government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and law firms. They may also work privately and independently. This is just a shortlist of opportunities for those interested in such fields:

  • Bounty Hunter
  • Conservation Officer
  • Corrections Officer
  • Crime Lab Analyst
  • Crime Scene Investigator
  • Criminal Investigator
  • DEA Agent
  • FBI Agent
  • Forensic Accountant
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Forensic Science Technician
  • Homeland Security Professional
  • Homicide Detective
  • K-9 Corps Officer
  • Lawyer
  • Paralegal
  • Park Ranger
  • Parole Officer
  • Police Officer
  • Private Investigator
  • Probation Officer
  • Secret Service Agent
  • State Trooper
  • Substance Abuse Counselor

Victim Advocate

Careers in criminal justice generally fall into three main branches: law enforcement, courts, and corrections/rehabilitation. Each of these branches features similarities and differences regarding job duties, salary expectations, required education/experience, and work conditions.

Motivated criminal justice majors may select from dozens of other career options. Opportunities abound for graduates with secondary interests in areas like healthcare, conservation, youth services, forensic science, and anthropology.

There are several reasons why a Criminal Justice degree is worth the time and money. Nearly every police agency requires you to complete a police academy to become a police officer, but not all of them require a degree to be hired. One criminal justice instructor at a major university program explained the cause and effect relationship of degrees like this: 

  • If you want to improve your chance of hiring, get a degree.
  • If you want to work in a crime lab, get a degree.
  • If you want to advance in rank, position, etc., get a degree.
  • If you want to transition to a federal agency, get a degree.
  • If you have a desire to teach criminal justice courses, get a degree.

Undergraduate degree holders with majors in criminal justice most often enter five different fields: law enforcement, corrections, private security, forensic science, and law. Criminal justice majors are probably best equipped to work in the subfield in which they specialized in college — which may include homeland security, corrections, juvenile justice, or a related field. 

While the salary ranges for these five following fields vary dramatically, criminal justice majors working in law can expect to earn the most, and security guards can anticipate making the least.

Police and Detective Work

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported the average salary of police and detectives at $56,980 as of 2012. The highest-paid 10 percent earned more than $93,450, while the lowest 10 percent took home less than $33,060 over the same period. Detectives and criminal investigators made a significantly higher average salary than their lower-ranking counterparts, earning an average of $74,300 per year. Criminal justice majors may be particularly well suited for work with the FBI or Secret Service because these positions require bachelor’s degrees for entry-level positions.

Correctional Treatment Specialists and Security Guards

As of 2012, the BLS cited probation officers and correction specialists’ average income at $48,190 per year, with the lowest-earning 10 percent taking in less than $31,590 and the highest-earning 10 percent making more than $83,410. The nature of the agencies where these people work typically calls for long hours, occasionally requiring officers to be on call for 24-hour periods. According to the BLS, security guards and gaming surveillance officers earned an average salary of $24,020. Although most security jobs don’t require higher education, some employers prefer to hire employees with postsecondary degrees.

Forensic Science Technicians

Requiring a bachelor’s degree for most entry-level positions, forensic science technicians earned an average salary of $52,840 in 2012, according to the BLS. The lowest-earning 10 percent took home less than $32,200, while the highest-earning 10 percent earned more than $85,210. While criminal justice majors can and do work in this field, many of the higher-earning positions go to individuals with graduate degrees in forensic science or related fields.

Regular Earnings of Lawyers

While a criminal justice major is a strong preparation for graduate-level law study, lawyers require a Juris doctor degree and successful bar exam completion to work in the field. In 2012, lawyers made an average salary of $113,530, according to the BLS, with the lowest-earning 10 percent making less than $54,310 and the highest-earning 10 percent taking home more than $187,200. Although lawyer salaries vary based on location and status, those who worked in finance and insurance made the most, on average, at $134,940 per year.

Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors vary on how one ultimately applies their degree and their career goals and ambitions.  Potential careers for graduates with a criminal justice degree depend on degree specialization and type. 

For example, learners focusing on forensics may find jobs as forensic scientists. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), forensic science technicians earn a median salary of $59,150 per year, with a 14% projected job growth rate from 2018-2028.

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, These are the Top 10 Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors:

JOB MEDIAN ANNUAL SALARY

Lawyer $122,960

Homeland Security $77,000

Homicide Detective $74,380

Forensic Accountant $71,560

Forensic Psychologist $69,510

Criminal Investigator $67,170

DEA Agent $66,450

Secret Service Agent $65,000

FBI Agent $64,060

Forensic Science Technician $59,150

Jobs You Can Get With a Degree in Criminal Justice

One of the most appealing aspects of working in criminal justice is the diversity of career options available. Criminal justice examines concepts in areas including criminology, psychology, and sociology. This interdisciplinary nature leads to careers in a variety of settings. 

Graduates may pursue employment with government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and law firms. They may also work privately and independently. This is just a shortlist of opportunities for those interested in such fields:

  • Bounty Hunter
  • Conservation Officer
  • Corrections Officer
  • Crime Lab Analyst
  • Crime Scene Investigator
  • Criminal Investigator
  • DEA Agent
  • FBI Agent
  • Forensic Accountant
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Forensic Science Technician
  • Homeland Security Professional
  • Homicide Detective
  • K-9 Corps Officer
  • Lawyer
  • Paralegal
  • Park Ranger
  • Parole Officer
  • Police Officer
  • Private Investigator
  • Probation Officer
  • Secret Service Agent
  • State Trooper
  • Substance Abuse Counselor

Victim Advocate

Careers in criminal justice generally fall into three main branches: law enforcement, courts, and corrections/rehabilitation. Each of these branches features similarities and differences regarding job duties, salary expectations, required education/experience, and work conditions.

Motivated criminal justice majors may select from dozens of other career options. Opportunities abound for graduates with secondary interests in areas like healthcare, conservation, youth services, forensic science, and anthropology.

There are several reasons why a Criminal Justice degree is worth the time and money. Nearly every police agency requires you to complete a police academy to become a police officer, but not all of them require a degree to be hired. One criminal justice instructor at a major university program explained the cause and effect relationship of degrees like this: 

  • If you want to improve your chance of hiring, get a degree.
  • If you want to work in a crime lab, get a degree.
  • If you want to advance in rank, position, etc., get a degree.
  • If you want to transition to a federal agency, get a degree.
  • If you have a desire to teach criminal justice courses, get a degree.

Undergraduate degree holders with majors in criminal justice most often enter five different fields: law enforcement, corrections, private security, forensic science, and law. Criminal justice majors are probably best equipped to work in the subfield in which they specialized in college — which may include homeland security, corrections, juvenile justice, or a related field. 

While the salary ranges for these five following fields vary dramatically, criminal justice majors working in law can expect to earn the most, and security guards can anticipate making the least.

Police and Detective Work

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported the average salary of police and detectives at $56,980 as of 2012. The highest-paid 10 percent earned more than $93,450, while the lowest 10 percent took home less than $33,060 over the same period. Detectives and criminal investigators made a significantly higher average salary than their lower-ranking counterparts, earning an average of $74,300 per year. Criminal justice majors may be particularly well suited for work with the FBI or Secret Service because these positions require bachelor’s degrees for entry-level positions.

Correctional Treatment Specialists and Security Guards

As of 2012, the BLS cited probation officers and correction specialists’ average income at $48,190 per year, with the lowest-earning 10 percent taking in less than $31,590 and the highest-earning 10 percent making more than $83,410. The nature of the agencies where these people work typically calls for long hours, occasionally requiring officers to be on call for 24-hour periods. According to the BLS, security guards and gaming surveillance officers earned an average salary of $24,020. Although most security jobs don’t require higher education, some employers prefer to hire employees with postsecondary degrees.

Forensic Science Technicians

Requiring a bachelor’s degree for most entry-level positions, forensic science technicians earned an average salary of $52,840 in 2012, according to the BLS. The lowest-earning 10 percent took home less than $32,200, while the highest-earning 10 percent earned more than $85,210. While criminal justice majors can and do work in this field, many of the higher-earning positions go to individuals with graduate degrees in forensic science or related fields.

Regular Earnings of Lawyers

While a criminal justice major is a strong preparation for graduate-level law study, lawyers require a Juris doctor degree and successful bar exam completion to work in the field. In 2012, lawyers made an average salary of $113,530, according to the BLS, with the lowest-earning 10 percent making less than $54,310 and the highest-earning 10 percent taking home more than $187,200. Although lawyer salaries vary based on location and status, those who worked in finance and insurance made the most, on average, at $134,940 per year.

Schooling for Pharmacy Technician

Pharmacy Technician

You can find a pharmacy on almost  every corner and they all need techs to handle inventories, assist the pharmacist, work with customers and perform special work like compounding medications for patients with very specific medication needs. Here’s a look at how to become a pharmacy tech and the schooling you will need. 

Pharmacy technicians act as the link between the pharmacist and the customer. They provide customer service and relay patient requirements to the pharmacists. Technicians also take care of inventory, compound medicines and stock machines. The specific duties of a tech vary depending on the where they are working.  A pharmacy tech might work at:

  • Chain drugstores
  • Big-box retailers
  • Mail-order pharmacies
  • Independent Drugstores
  • Wholesale druggists, such as Costco
  • Hospitals

Hospital-based pharmacy techs, for example work with IV medications and do laboratory preparation to ensure that patients get exactly what they need. The lab work can also include in-depth cleaning to ensure sterility and the safest possible pharmaceutical environment. Other techs in the hospital may be charged with maintaining the drug-dispensary machines that nurses rely on to access medications at a moment’s notice.

Retail pharmacy techs are public facing and deal directly with patients and customers  who need medications and advice to enhance their quality of life. Where a hospitalized patient might ask a drug-related question of their doctor, in a retail pharmacy the technician is likely to be asked about the administration of a specific medication,  like the correct dosages and if medication be taken with food or on an empty stomach. When questions extend the scope of knowledge of a tech, it is then relayed to on to the pharmacist for the correct answer. In the retail inventories also need to be maintained, but unlike a hospital, only the main pharmacy inventory is maintained, rather than multiple machines and the primary supply area.

A mail-order pharmacy tech is in a more office-like environment, filling prescriptions from a workstation while working amount many other techs. The day of a mail-order pharmacy tech might start with meetings with pharmacists and other techs, fand then duties could include preparing compounds, updating the patient database, filling vials of medicine and inventory work. Just because a mail-order technician is behind-the-scenes and is not public facing, does not mean that their jobs are easy.

Steps to Become a Pharmacy Tech

Becoming a pharmacy tech is a rather straightforward process:

  • Have a sincere interest in pharmaceuticals and the medicines that help health and recovery from illness, as well as biology, chemistry and math and a real desire to assist patients with meds. You must be able to communicate with people from a wide range of backgrounds
  • Find the best, accredited, program to learn pharmacy tech. You can choose between an online or campus program, although some schools both types of classroom. Make sure the program includes an externship and make sure to research student success in passing the PTCB exam for national certification.
  • Complete either the certificate program or degree.
  • Complete an externship in a real-world pharmacy.
  • Apply to a pharmacy location that best meets your interests and skills.

Types of Programs

There are a wide variety of programs available to pharmacy techs. One of the first big decisions is whether get a full degree or a certificate. Next, you need to find a program that is on a traditional campus or one you can access online.

Certificate programs are an excellent option for students who are changing careers and need to make a quick, smooth transition to a new field. They can also be a great choice for people who know that they will likely not pursue education beyond their certificate.

A certificate program takes about a year and is focused exclusively on the profession of pharmacy technician. When the academic work is complete, there is an externship portion that introduces you to the daily life of a pharmacy tech and offers a modicum of of experience that will help round out your resume.

A degree program is typically two years and results in an associate’s degree (AA) which distinguishes your credentials and gives you a foundation on which to build. Once you complete your AA you will have a transcript of accredited courses that can apply to a full, four-year degree in the future. 

What to Look for in Online Pharmacy Tech Programs

Online pharmacy tech programs are expanding to meet the growing demand for the profession. They offer students flexibility that can aid in their education to a great degree. For example, you may work as a pharmacy tech while pursuing your formal education. When researching programs, keep a few specific things in mind:

Accreditation.  Be sure your program is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE)

Externship. Even if you attend a virtual campus, your program can still help facilitate an externship with pharmacies in your local area. Check with your admissions counselor about how you can complete this portion of your education and what types relationships the program has with national or local pharmacy locations. 

Certification.  Research how well alumni of the program do on the PTCB test, even if you do not plan to sit for it. You want to have same level of knowledge to best serve your patients, customers, and pharmacists. The PTCB gives you a national certification that can give your resume a special distinction.

Professional Certification for Pharm Techs

When you have competed your classroom or online program, you can take your career further by becoming professionally certified. The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) offers the CPhT credential to those who want to distinguish themselves in the field. 

To be certified you need to meet the following requirements:

  • Have a high school diploma or a GED
  • Fully disclose any criminal background to the State Board of Pharmacy 
  • Comply with all certification policies
  • Receive a passing score on the certification exam

The PTCB has a practice test section on their website, that allows you to get a feel for the difficulty of the exam. The exam itself consists of 90 multiple choice questions, 80 of which are scored and ten are unscored and spread randomly throughout the exam. You have an hour and  50 minutes to finish the exam; it covers some of the following topics:

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacy law
  • Medication safety
  • Pharmacy quality assurance
  • Billing and reimbursement
  • Information systems application
  • Order entry and the fill process
  • Sterile and non-sterile compounding