Category Archives: Uncategorized

Heirloom Toys Are Special In My Life

Photo of happy lad playing with heirloom toy airplane outside

Heirloom toys are special because they can be passed down from one generation to the next generation. They often hold great sentimental value, and yet, they can be a lot of fun to play with too.

One of my favorite personal heirloom is my great-grandmother’s rocking chair. It’s really old and it has a lot of wear and tear, but it’s still so comfortable to sit in. I love spending time in it, and I feel like I’m connected to my great-grandmother whenever I use it.

An heirloom toy that I really enjoy is my grandfather’s yo-yo. He used to play with it all the time when he was a kid, and now I get to connect with him while playing with it too. It’s fun to try and do the tricks that I used to watch him do. It brings back some great memories.

Do you have any special heirloom toys that you enjoy?

The benefits of heirloom toys are many. First and foremost, is the sentimental value, this is special to me. As mentioned, they can also be a lot of fun to play with, and they can help connect us to our ancestors or loved ones. Additionally, heirloom toys are a great way to teach our kids about history and our family’s traditions. Overall, heirloom toys are a unique and special part of our lives, and we should cherish them!

Heirloom toys are often made of materials that are durable and can last for generations. This includes materials like wood, metal, and cloth. They can also be made of more delicate materials like glass or porcelain, which can add to their specialness.

Heirloom toys should be passed down from one generation to the next, or they can be given as gifts. Either way, they are a great way to keep our family’s history and traditions alive. If you are lucky enough to have an heirloom toy, cherish it!

Heirloom toys are a unique and special part of our lives, and we are lucky to have them. They often have invoke memories and unique value, which is very special. They are a lot of fun to play with, and they can help connect us to our ancestors or loved ones from long ago. Additionally, heirloom toys can be a great way to teach our kids family’s traditions.

Advertisement

Principles of Good Web Design

Principles of Good Web Design 

There are many different design principles that can be followed when creating a website. However, not all of these principles may be applicable to every website. It is important to consider the purpose of the website and the target audience before deciding which design principles to follow.

Some basic web design principles that are often followed include simplicity, usability, and visual appeal. These principles help to create a website that is easy to use and navigate for users, while also providing them with information in an visually appealing way.

Simplicity

One of the most important design principles to follow is simplicity. A website should be easy for users to understand and use. This means that the layout should be clean and uncluttered, and navigation should be easy to follow. Information should be presented in a clear and concise way, without being overwhelming.

Usability

Another important design principle is usability. A website should be easy for users to navigate and find the information they are looking for. The navigation should be intuitive and easy to use. Users should be able to quickly find the information they need without difficulty.

Visual Appeal

In addition to simplicity and usability, another important design principle is visual appeal. Websites should be visually appealing so that users will want to stay on the site and explore its content. The color scheme, imagery, and overall layout of the site should be pleasing to the eye.

When designing a website, it is important to consider all of these design principles. By keeping these principles in mind, you can create a website that is both user-friendly and visually appealing.

When looking for a web design company, it is important to consider the principles mentioned above. The company should be able to create a website that is simple and easy to use, while also being visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

It is also important to consider the cost of the services offered by the company. Make sure you are getting good value for your money. Ask for references from previous clients and review the company’s portfolio to get a better idea of their work.

When choosing a web design company, make sure you consider the principles of simplicity, usability, and visual appeal. The company should be able to create a website that is both user-friendly and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

Make sure you are getting good value for your money by asking for references from previous and review the company’s portfolio. Choose a web design company that can create a website that is simple, easy to use, and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

When looking for a web design company, it is important to consider principles such as simplicity, usability, and visual appeal. The company should be able to create a website that is both user-friendly and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business.

It is also important to consider the cost of the services offered by the company. Make sure you are getting good value for your money by asking for references from previous clients and reviewing the company’s portfolio.

Choose a web design company that can create a website that is simple, easy to use, and visually appealing. The company should also be able to create a website that meets the specific needs of your business. By considering all of these factors, you can be sure to find a web design company that will provide you with great website for your business.

Can water come up through concrete basement floor?

Few things strike fear into homeowners like finding water on the basement floor for the first time. It is a legitimate concern as it can indicate bigger problems and should be taken seriously. Why and how water is coming up through the basement floor can vary, so some investigation is needed before panicking.

Before you enter your basement, evaluate the danger. Any plugs, outlets, or appliances in or near water can conduct electricity, so it’s critical to turn off the power supply and then get a flashlight to do some investigation.

Next, confirm that the water is coming up from the basement floor and not dripping down from any pipes above. Once you’re sure it’s not flooding from pipework, you can determine the cause of the leak.

Common Causes of Flooding 

There are a few questions to consider first:

  • Does your area have known groundwater issues with basements and foundations? 
  • Have you had heavy rain or fast-melting snow lately? 
  • Is there a burst city pipe or construction by your property?
  • Have you had wind or other weather issues that could have moved where downspouts are dumping rainwater?
  • Have any pipes under the concrete burst?

Groundwater and the Water Table 

If water is not from pipes and plumbing, the leading cause of basement groundwater is the water table rising. The water table is where water saturation begins in soil, but it is not static, and it rises and falls depending on weather and seasons. For example, the water table near a lake is much higher and closer to the ground surface than in a plateau or desert area, and it rises quickly in poor weather, like flooding or seasonal snow melting.

With floods and snow melt the water saturation continues to increase, and water level in the soil keeps rising until it eventually meets the ground surface. If your basement is in the way, and there are any structural deficiencies or cracks in the concrete, then your basement becomes the path of least resistance, and the groundwater goes there.

Rising groundwater causes hydrostatic pressure, which causes soil to push on your basement walls and floor. This can cause cracks to form in basement concrete, particularly in wet seasons, and is usually why there’s water in your basement after rain.

Water Entry Points 

If groundwater and flooding are causing your basement water problems, it can be hard to identify where the water is entering the basement. Hydrostatic pressure makes water look for the easiest way into your basement. So, what’s failing and where? Things like mold, efflorescence, mildew and stains can indicate where a  water problem has been coming from over a longer period, but they won’t be there if this is a new problem for you.

Here are several points of entry that could be the source of your water issues:

  • Window wells: These are intended to help more light come into the basement while keeping dirt and water away from the window. Unfortunately, they can become blocked or filled with debris over time, and if they are not draining well, water will make its way through flaws in the construction.
  • Wall cracks: This can be serious. A crack in the wall can be a structural problem with the foundation, and everything in your home depends on foundation’s integrity. If water gets into the crack and the temperature drops, the water can freeze and further increase the crack. Hydraulic cement can be a very good patching solution, it is best to consult with a professional to guarantee that the foundation integrity has not been compromised.
  • Honeycomb concrete: Poorly mixed concrete that was poured for your foundation can cause air pockets to form that can eventually give way under hydrostatic pressure. This gives water entry points of all sizes in random spots.
  • Mortar joints: These are often found in older homes, mortar can eventually crumble or deteriorate, losing water resistance. This is a problem that can be repaired, but it can indicate multiple leaks, and each is quite hard to diagnose, as the cracks can be small and tricky to locate. 

Dealing With Water in the Basement 

Basement leak repair can be expensive. If you have cracks in your basement floor, and it’s because of hydrostatic pressure, the good news is that it can be mitigated, but it will be costly. Installing drain tile is the best solution. Concrete is cut to install a network of piping that guides the water build-up away from possible entry points into your basement. It relieves the pressure and saves your slab.

Waterproofing your walls and concrete floor is another good option. While there are products you can apply yourself, it is very labor intensive. You will need topatch all cracks first and then wire-scrub and clean all surfaces so the proofing sticks properly. Waterproofing is not as effective unless the exterior is also done, which must be completed by a waterproofing professional. 

Outside Solutions to Leaky Basements 

If the problem isn’t coming up from the underground water table, it is coming down to the basement, and a big cause of that is weeping and perimeter water damage. The primary cause can be clogged gutters. Debris blocking proper drainage down gutters means the water is overflowing and seeping down along your home’s perimeter and saturating the soil by your basement walls.

After that, consider the grading. Is your property’s pitch leading away from the house or leading to it? Some simple landscaping lets you alter the path water takes, easily guiding it away from your home.

Maintain Your Plumbing 

Sewer and water lines are big offenders in water damage of any kind in homes because they can clog and back up, creating water or waste leaks. Worse still, they can crack and break under pressure, creating a very expensive repair. Be proactive in your efforts to avoid this and have a professional flush your lines every 18 to 24 months. Warning signs are when water starts to drain slowly, or you hear gurgling in the pipes.

Never flush wipes even if they claim to be flushable. Never pour fats, oils, starches or coffee grinds down drains. Nothing larger than a pea should go down the kitchen sink.

While it might be inconvenient to not pour things down the drain, repairing plumbing can be one of the most expensive problems homeowners deal with, depending how pervasive it is. Practicing good habits with what goes down may help prevent what comes out or up.

How Much Does Face Painting Cost?

Face painting has become such a great entertainment option for children’s parties. It’s also not just kid’s parties – face painters are a big hit at adult birthday bashes, wedding showers, and baby showers (belly painting, anyone?!)  You can hire a professional painter for birthday parties, Sweet 16s, bat and bar mitzvahs, festivals, school events, holiday parties, corporate parties, and more. Many face painting pros can provide other types of entertainment including costumed guests (like Elsa or Olaf), clowns balloon creatures, caricature artists, and magicians. Sometimes you may even be able to secure a discount on party entertainment services if you book multiple entertainers from the same company.

Professional face painting is interactive and fun way to not only keeps people entertained, but also doubles as a party favor

The majority of face painters have an hourly rate or set price for their services. The artist’s hourly rate can vary depending on a number of factors including the age and number of guests, what they are painting (just cheeks, half or full-face designs) and location. Full face designs may come with a higher price than cheek or half face designs, as they require more face paint. The location of your event can also impact the price, as artists may travel depending on distance traveled. When you are booking a face painting professional, you will need to let them know how many guests to expect and what the age range will be. Young children under the age of 5 tend to take longer to paint, they are usually much more squirmy than older kids! Once you have provided the details of the event, the artist will estimate how many faces they can paint per hour and how long it will take for them to paint everyone in attendance.

Let your artist know if you have a particular theme or color scheme for your party. This allows them to prepare design, colors and embellishments to compliment your event. Your princess party will likely not require the same supplies as a dinosaur superhero party. If you have any preference on what the artist should wear, make sure to discuss that with them in advance. 

There are several cost factors that going into hiring a face painter, including:

Hours

Most face painting artists charge hourly rates. Their hourly rate takes into account business overhead (like insurance and taxes), the cost of materials (face paint, brushes, etc.), prep time for parties (including research and practice designs), special outfits or costumes they wear, the cost of travel and transportation, and actual time they spend painting faces at your party. Like most services, the longer you want to book your face painter for your event, the higher the total cost will be. Some face painting professionals offer discounts for longer events, so it’s best to ask how their rates vary depending on party length. 

Typically face painters require a minimum number of hours for their services. This ensures that their operating costs are covered when they accept a job, put on their costume or work clothes, pack up their paints, and get to your location.  

Variable Rates

Some face painting professionals may charge a variable rate for their services. For example, an artist might charge an average $85-$125 per hour depending on the number of people, travel distance to the event and the type of service provided. In order to avoid surprises the day of your event, be sure you clearly understand how your face painter charges. 

Set Rates

Professional face painters may offer a set hours rate that is not dependant on the number of guests or types of designs. Additional fees may still apply for travel, so be sure to clarify all charges. Some examples of set rate pricing would like like:

Artist A: $75 per hour, within service area

Artist B: $125 per hour, with a two-hour minimum

Artist C: Starts at $115 per hour

Travel

Often reflected in the cost for services will be time and expense required for travel to an even. Some artists may charge a higher price per hour or a separate travel fee or require a minimum number of hours for attending an event. For example, an artist may stipulate  a minimum of 2 hours for any event over 50 miles away.

Full-Face Vs. Cheek Painting 

Often times cheek art will require less time and less paint per guest than half-face or full-face art. When offering a price estimate, your artist will determine which service you prefer for your event and quote a higher or lower hourly rate that is appropriate for what you’re looking to have at your party. Face painting pros use professional products that blend well and have gorgeous color. The materials cost more than the cheap face paints you may have bought at the craft or Halloween stores,  and they also look much better. If you are looking to have very large or intricate designs, this will affect the cost. These types of designs will use more materials and the more elaborate the design, the fewer faces painted per hour.

Community Events and Festivals

Having a face painter at your festival, fundraiser or charity event is great entertainment option. When you are organizing a large event where you will not be covering expenses for attendees, you can pay the set-up fee for an artist, and then your guests can pay an individual fee for face painting. 

For example, an artist may charge a small setup cost to organizers of large fairs, then charge each customer $5-$20 depending on the type design they request. As usually, cheek painting costs less than full-face or half-face painting. As the event organizer, you can avoid the burden of the face painter’s full hourly rate while still providing entertainment for your guests. On average, artists can paint approximately 15 faces per hour, depending on the age of the guests and the designs requested. 

Safety

Face paint and novelty makeup is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration to ensure its ingredients are safe for direct application on your skin, including children’s skin. If you want more information about the safety of specific ingredients, it is recommended you do additional research. 

If your child has allergies, sensitive skin, or has never had face paint before, use extra caution to avoid rashes and adverse reactions. 

Removing face paint

If you are a party host providing face painting for all the kids — big or little — be sure to tell your guests how to safely remove the paint once the festivities are done. According to the FDA, leaving face paint on overnight can lead to possible skin or eye irritation. Ask your face painter to let each guest (or their parent) know the appropriate way to remove that brand of paint once the party’s over. The FDA explains that it’s important to follow directions to the letter: use cold cream if the directions say so, or soap and water, or eye makeup remover. Each company uses different formulas for their novelty makeup and has researched the appropriate way to safely remove it.

How To Qualify For Home Health Care

If you have a medical condition that makes it difficult for you to get out and about, home healthcare could be a more comfortable, cost-effective, and effective option.

Original Medicare (Parts A and B) may sometimes cover medical care provided to you at home if you are homebound. Following an illness or injury, Medicare may pay for some in-home assistance with your daily needs for a limited time.

However, if you need long-term assistance with everyday tasks in your home, you should be aware that Medicare usually does not cover those services.

Is there any coverage for caregivers under Medicare?

The type of treatment you need, the reason you need care, and the amount of time you’ll need it all determine if Medicare will cover in-home caregivers.

Health treatment delivered to your home

If any of the above applies to you and you’re homebound due to an illness or accident, you can use Medicare home health benefits:

  • You are only allowed to leave the house for brief outings, such as to the doctor or religious services. One exception: if you go to adult day care, you will always get in-home care.
  • The doctor confirms that you need at-home treatment and drafts a plan detailing the services you will need.
  • You need professional nursing assistance (less than 8 hours per day and no more than 28 hours per week, for up to 3 weeks).
  • Your doctor believes your condition will improve in a fair, or at the very least predictable, time frame.
  • •You’ll need a professional physical, occupational, or speech therapist to come up with a plan to help you improve, preserve your current health, or avoid getting worse.
  • You need a home health aide to help care for you while you recover.
  • The home health agency providing your care is Medicare-approved or certified.

You must see your doctor less than 90 days before or 30 days after you begin accessing home healthcare services to be eligible for in-home treatment.

What types of services will I get at home?

Medicare provides a wide range of programs, some of which can be delivered right to your door. Some programs and the Medicare regulations that apply to them are mentioned below.

Physical therapy 

If you see a physical therapist in your house, Medicare is likely to provide the following services:

  • assessment of your condition
  • gait training and exercises to help you recover from surgery, injuries, illnesses, or neurological conditions like stroke
  • postoperative wound care
  • wound care for injuries, burns, or lesions

Occupational therapy 

If you are treated at home by an occupational therapist, you can continue to receive the following services:

  • assistance in developing regular schedules for taking drugs, meal preparation, and personal care.
  • showing you how to carry out everyday tasks safely 
  • assisting you in regaining the ability to work, considering your needs and condition 
  • assisting you in carrying out your doctor’s orders

Speech therapy 

  • Here are some of the services you can receive if a speech therapist visits you at home:
  • education about alternative ways to talk if you can’t understand 
  • education about different ways to communicate if you’ve lost your hearing
  • therapy to help you recover the ability to swallow 
  • therapy to help you eat and drink as naturally as possible

Nursing assistance

If a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse visits you at home to provide treatment, they may: 

  • change your wound dressings
  • change your catheter 
  • inject medications
  • administer IV drugs
  • teach you how to use your drugs and take care of yourself

Home Health Aides

In contrast, home health aides are more likely to assist you with the following services:

  • checking that you’re eating and drinking in a healthy way, such as tracking your vital signs including heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature 
  • ensuring that you’re taking your drugs as prescribed
  • determining if your home is safe for you, given your needs and condition

Other Services

In-home social services may also be available to you. If you qualify, you may receive assistance in locating community services to assist you in adjusting to your condition. You may also undergo social, mental, or psychological therapy as a result of your illness.

In-home Custodial Care

Caregivers who assist you with activities of daily life are normally not covered by Medicare unless they are required for a limited time as you recover from an illness or injury.

Food delivery or preparation, shopping, washing, housekeeping or cleaning, assistance bathing and dressing, and assistance using the toilet are all examples of custodial care. If these are the only services you need, Medicare will not pay for a caregiver to provide them in your home.

Medicare has a website to help you locate a home health agency in your region.. If you’ve found a local provider, you can use Medicare’s home health agency checklist to see whether they’ll have the quality of treatment you need.

Your state survey department maintains an up-to-date study on the quality of home healthcare services provided. To find the phone number or email address of the agency in your state, consult Medicare’s resource guide or the survey agency list.

You can only receive treatment from one home health agency at a time if you have Medicare. You will need a new recommendation from your doctor if you plan to switch agencies. You will also need to inform your old agency that you’re switching providers.

If you just need custodial treatment including housekeeping and personal care, Medicare won’t pay for an in-home caregiver. If it’s medically necessary and your doctor certifies that you’re homebound, Medicare can cover some short-term custodial care.

If you’re homebound due to surgery, sickness, or accident, Medicare will cover home health services such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, professional nursing care, and social services.

Your doctor must sign off on the services as medically required, and your home health agency must be Medicare-approved.

What Are Criminal Jusice Major Salaries?

Criminal justice degrees tend to attract individuals who enjoy helping others and who want to make a difference in their local communities. The criminal justice field encompasses dozens of rewarding job opportunities in areas like crime prevention, victim advocacy, corrections/rehabilitation, and investigative work.

Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors vary on how one ultimately applies their degree and their career goals and ambitions.  Potential careers for graduates with a criminal justice degree depend on degree specialization and type. 

For example, learners focusing on forensics may find jobs as forensic scientists. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), forensic science technicians earn a median salary of $59,150 per year, with a 14% projected job growth rate from 2018-2028.

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, These are the Top 10 Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors:

JOB MEDIAN ANNUAL SALARY

Lawyer $122,960

Homeland Security $77,000

Homicide Detective $74,380

Forensic Accountant $71,560

Forensic Psychologist $69,510

Criminal Investigator $67,170

DEA Agent $66,450

Secret Service Agent $65,000

FBI Agent $64,060

Forensic Science Technician $59,150

Jobs You Can Get With a Degree in Criminal Justice

One of the most appealing aspects of working in criminal justice is the diversity of career options available. Criminal justice examines concepts in areas including criminology, psychology, and sociology. This interdisciplinary nature leads to careers in a variety of settings. 

Graduates may pursue employment with government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and law firms. They may also work privately and independently. This is just a shortlist of opportunities for those interested in such fields:

  • Bounty Hunter
  • Conservation Officer
  • Corrections Officer
  • Crime Lab Analyst
  • Crime Scene Investigator
  • Criminal Investigator
  • DEA Agent
  • FBI Agent
  • Forensic Accountant
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Forensic Science Technician
  • Homeland Security Professional
  • Homicide Detective
  • K-9 Corps Officer
  • Lawyer
  • Paralegal
  • Park Ranger
  • Parole Officer
  • Police Officer
  • Private Investigator
  • Probation Officer
  • Secret Service Agent
  • State Trooper
  • Substance Abuse Counselor

Victim Advocate

Careers in criminal justice generally fall into three main branches: law enforcement, courts, and corrections/rehabilitation. Each of these branches features similarities and differences regarding job duties, salary expectations, required education/experience, and work conditions.

Motivated criminal justice majors may select from dozens of other career options. Opportunities abound for graduates with secondary interests in areas like healthcare, conservation, youth services, forensic science, and anthropology.

There are several reasons why a Criminal Justice degree is worth the time and money. Nearly every police agency requires you to complete a police academy to become a police officer, but not all of them require a degree to be hired. One criminal justice instructor at a major university program explained the cause and effect relationship of degrees like this: 

  • If you want to improve your chance of hiring, get a degree.
  • If you want to work in a crime lab, get a degree.
  • If you want to advance in rank, position, etc., get a degree.
  • If you want to transition to a federal agency, get a degree.
  • If you have a desire to teach criminal justice courses, get a degree.

Undergraduate degree holders with majors in criminal justice most often enter five different fields: law enforcement, corrections, private security, forensic science, and law. Criminal justice majors are probably best equipped to work in the subfield in which they specialized in college — which may include homeland security, corrections, juvenile justice, or a related field. 

While the salary ranges for these five following fields vary dramatically, criminal justice majors working in law can expect to earn the most, and security guards can anticipate making the least.

Police and Detective Work

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported the average salary of police and detectives at $56,980 as of 2012. The highest-paid 10 percent earned more than $93,450, while the lowest 10 percent took home less than $33,060 over the same period. Detectives and criminal investigators made a significantly higher average salary than their lower-ranking counterparts, earning an average of $74,300 per year. Criminal justice majors may be particularly well suited for work with the FBI or Secret Service because these positions require bachelor’s degrees for entry-level positions.

Correctional Treatment Specialists and Security Guards

As of 2012, the BLS cited probation officers and correction specialists’ average income at $48,190 per year, with the lowest-earning 10 percent taking in less than $31,590 and the highest-earning 10 percent making more than $83,410. The nature of the agencies where these people work typically calls for long hours, occasionally requiring officers to be on call for 24-hour periods. According to the BLS, security guards and gaming surveillance officers earned an average salary of $24,020. Although most security jobs don’t require higher education, some employers prefer to hire employees with postsecondary degrees.

Forensic Science Technicians

Requiring a bachelor’s degree for most entry-level positions, forensic science technicians earned an average salary of $52,840 in 2012, according to the BLS. The lowest-earning 10 percent took home less than $32,200, while the highest-earning 10 percent earned more than $85,210. While criminal justice majors can and do work in this field, many of the higher-earning positions go to individuals with graduate degrees in forensic science or related fields.

Regular Earnings of Lawyers

While a criminal justice major is a strong preparation for graduate-level law study, lawyers require a Juris doctor degree and successful bar exam completion to work in the field. In 2012, lawyers made an average salary of $113,530, according to the BLS, with the lowest-earning 10 percent making less than $54,310 and the highest-earning 10 percent taking home more than $187,200. Although lawyer salaries vary based on location and status, those who worked in finance and insurance made the most, on average, at $134,940 per year.

Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors vary on how one ultimately applies their degree and their career goals and ambitions.  Potential careers for graduates with a criminal justice degree depend on degree specialization and type. 

For example, learners focusing on forensics may find jobs as forensic scientists. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), forensic science technicians earn a median salary of $59,150 per year, with a 14% projected job growth rate from 2018-2028.

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, These are the Top 10 Salaries for Criminal Justice Majors:

JOB MEDIAN ANNUAL SALARY

Lawyer $122,960

Homeland Security $77,000

Homicide Detective $74,380

Forensic Accountant $71,560

Forensic Psychologist $69,510

Criminal Investigator $67,170

DEA Agent $66,450

Secret Service Agent $65,000

FBI Agent $64,060

Forensic Science Technician $59,150

Jobs You Can Get With a Degree in Criminal Justice

One of the most appealing aspects of working in criminal justice is the diversity of career options available. Criminal justice examines concepts in areas including criminology, psychology, and sociology. This interdisciplinary nature leads to careers in a variety of settings. 

Graduates may pursue employment with government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and law firms. They may also work privately and independently. This is just a shortlist of opportunities for those interested in such fields:

  • Bounty Hunter
  • Conservation Officer
  • Corrections Officer
  • Crime Lab Analyst
  • Crime Scene Investigator
  • Criminal Investigator
  • DEA Agent
  • FBI Agent
  • Forensic Accountant
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Forensic Science Technician
  • Homeland Security Professional
  • Homicide Detective
  • K-9 Corps Officer
  • Lawyer
  • Paralegal
  • Park Ranger
  • Parole Officer
  • Police Officer
  • Private Investigator
  • Probation Officer
  • Secret Service Agent
  • State Trooper
  • Substance Abuse Counselor

Victim Advocate

Careers in criminal justice generally fall into three main branches: law enforcement, courts, and corrections/rehabilitation. Each of these branches features similarities and differences regarding job duties, salary expectations, required education/experience, and work conditions.

Motivated criminal justice majors may select from dozens of other career options. Opportunities abound for graduates with secondary interests in areas like healthcare, conservation, youth services, forensic science, and anthropology.

There are several reasons why a Criminal Justice degree is worth the time and money. Nearly every police agency requires you to complete a police academy to become a police officer, but not all of them require a degree to be hired. One criminal justice instructor at a major university program explained the cause and effect relationship of degrees like this: 

  • If you want to improve your chance of hiring, get a degree.
  • If you want to work in a crime lab, get a degree.
  • If you want to advance in rank, position, etc., get a degree.
  • If you want to transition to a federal agency, get a degree.
  • If you have a desire to teach criminal justice courses, get a degree.

Undergraduate degree holders with majors in criminal justice most often enter five different fields: law enforcement, corrections, private security, forensic science, and law. Criminal justice majors are probably best equipped to work in the subfield in which they specialized in college — which may include homeland security, corrections, juvenile justice, or a related field. 

While the salary ranges for these five following fields vary dramatically, criminal justice majors working in law can expect to earn the most, and security guards can anticipate making the least.

Police and Detective Work

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported the average salary of police and detectives at $56,980 as of 2012. The highest-paid 10 percent earned more than $93,450, while the lowest 10 percent took home less than $33,060 over the same period. Detectives and criminal investigators made a significantly higher average salary than their lower-ranking counterparts, earning an average of $74,300 per year. Criminal justice majors may be particularly well suited for work with the FBI or Secret Service because these positions require bachelor’s degrees for entry-level positions.

Correctional Treatment Specialists and Security Guards

As of 2012, the BLS cited probation officers and correction specialists’ average income at $48,190 per year, with the lowest-earning 10 percent taking in less than $31,590 and the highest-earning 10 percent making more than $83,410. The nature of the agencies where these people work typically calls for long hours, occasionally requiring officers to be on call for 24-hour periods. According to the BLS, security guards and gaming surveillance officers earned an average salary of $24,020. Although most security jobs don’t require higher education, some employers prefer to hire employees with postsecondary degrees.

Forensic Science Technicians

Requiring a bachelor’s degree for most entry-level positions, forensic science technicians earned an average salary of $52,840 in 2012, according to the BLS. The lowest-earning 10 percent took home less than $32,200, while the highest-earning 10 percent earned more than $85,210. While criminal justice majors can and do work in this field, many of the higher-earning positions go to individuals with graduate degrees in forensic science or related fields.

Regular Earnings of Lawyers

While a criminal justice major is a strong preparation for graduate-level law study, lawyers require a Juris doctor degree and successful bar exam completion to work in the field. In 2012, lawyers made an average salary of $113,530, according to the BLS, with the lowest-earning 10 percent making less than $54,310 and the highest-earning 10 percent taking home more than $187,200. Although lawyer salaries vary based on location and status, those who worked in finance and insurance made the most, on average, at $134,940 per year.

Schooling for Pharmacy Technician

Pharmacy Technician

You can find a pharmacy on almost  every corner and they all need techs to handle inventories, assist the pharmacist, work with customers and perform special work like compounding medications for patients with very specific medication needs. Here’s a look at how to become a pharmacy tech and the schooling you will need. 

Pharmacy technicians act as the link between the pharmacist and the customer. They provide customer service and relay patient requirements to the pharmacists. Technicians also take care of inventory, compound medicines and stock machines. The specific duties of a tech vary depending on the where they are working.  A pharmacy tech might work at:

  • Chain drugstores
  • Big-box retailers
  • Mail-order pharmacies
  • Independent Drugstores
  • Wholesale druggists, such as Costco
  • Hospitals

Hospital-based pharmacy techs, for example work with IV medications and do laboratory preparation to ensure that patients get exactly what they need. The lab work can also include in-depth cleaning to ensure sterility and the safest possible pharmaceutical environment. Other techs in the hospital may be charged with maintaining the drug-dispensary machines that nurses rely on to access medications at a moment’s notice.

Retail pharmacy techs are public facing and deal directly with patients and customers  who need medications and advice to enhance their quality of life. Where a hospitalized patient might ask a drug-related question of their doctor, in a retail pharmacy the technician is likely to be asked about the administration of a specific medication,  like the correct dosages and if medication be taken with food or on an empty stomach. When questions extend the scope of knowledge of a tech, it is then relayed to on to the pharmacist for the correct answer. In the retail inventories also need to be maintained, but unlike a hospital, only the main pharmacy inventory is maintained, rather than multiple machines and the primary supply area.

A mail-order pharmacy tech is in a more office-like environment, filling prescriptions from a workstation while working amount many other techs. The day of a mail-order pharmacy tech might start with meetings with pharmacists and other techs, fand then duties could include preparing compounds, updating the patient database, filling vials of medicine and inventory work. Just because a mail-order technician is behind-the-scenes and is not public facing, does not mean that their jobs are easy.

Steps to Become a Pharmacy Tech

Becoming a pharmacy tech is a rather straightforward process:

  • Have a sincere interest in pharmaceuticals and the medicines that help health and recovery from illness, as well as biology, chemistry and math and a real desire to assist patients with meds. You must be able to communicate with people from a wide range of backgrounds
  • Find the best, accredited, program to learn pharmacy tech. You can choose between an online or campus program, although some schools both types of classroom. Make sure the program includes an externship and make sure to research student success in passing the PTCB exam for national certification.
  • Complete either the certificate program or degree.
  • Complete an externship in a real-world pharmacy.
  • Apply to a pharmacy location that best meets your interests and skills.

Types of Programs

There are a wide variety of programs available to pharmacy techs. One of the first big decisions is whether get a full degree or a certificate. Next, you need to find a program that is on a traditional campus or one you can access online.

Certificate programs are an excellent option for students who are changing careers and need to make a quick, smooth transition to a new field. They can also be a great choice for people who know that they will likely not pursue education beyond their certificate.

A certificate program takes about a year and is focused exclusively on the profession of pharmacy technician. When the academic work is complete, there is an externship portion that introduces you to the daily life of a pharmacy tech and offers a modicum of of experience that will help round out your resume.

A degree program is typically two years and results in an associate’s degree (AA) which distinguishes your credentials and gives you a foundation on which to build. Once you complete your AA you will have a transcript of accredited courses that can apply to a full, four-year degree in the future. 

What to Look for in Online Pharmacy Tech Programs

Online pharmacy tech programs are expanding to meet the growing demand for the profession. They offer students flexibility that can aid in their education to a great degree. For example, you may work as a pharmacy tech while pursuing your formal education. When researching programs, keep a few specific things in mind:

Accreditation.  Be sure your program is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE)

Externship. Even if you attend a virtual campus, your program can still help facilitate an externship with pharmacies in your local area. Check with your admissions counselor about how you can complete this portion of your education and what types relationships the program has with national or local pharmacy locations. 

Certification.  Research how well alumni of the program do on the PTCB test, even if you do not plan to sit for it. You want to have same level of knowledge to best serve your patients, customers, and pharmacists. The PTCB gives you a national certification that can give your resume a special distinction.

Professional Certification for Pharm Techs

When you have competed your classroom or online program, you can take your career further by becoming professionally certified. The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) offers the CPhT credential to those who want to distinguish themselves in the field. 

To be certified you need to meet the following requirements:

  • Have a high school diploma or a GED
  • Fully disclose any criminal background to the State Board of Pharmacy 
  • Comply with all certification policies
  • Receive a passing score on the certification exam

The PTCB has a practice test section on their website, that allows you to get a feel for the difficulty of the exam. The exam itself consists of 90 multiple choice questions, 80 of which are scored and ten are unscored and spread randomly throughout the exam. You have an hour and  50 minutes to finish the exam; it covers some of the following topics:

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacy law
  • Medication safety
  • Pharmacy quality assurance
  • Billing and reimbursement
  • Information systems application
  • Order entry and the fill process
  • Sterile and non-sterile compounding

Difference Between TENS and EMS

If you are one of the millions who experience the ill effects of endless muscle or nerve pain, you  may have heard about an EMS or TENS unit that could give you non-addictive, medicate relief.  You probably have some questions about what the difference is between these two devices. There are several differences between the two, so if you are considering TENS vs EMS, it is crucial to understand what each is designed to do and when you should use over the other.

Are TENS and EMS Units the Same Thing?

The simple answer is no, TENS and EMS are not the same thing. They are two different machines used for different applications. TENS units are used to relieve pain while EMS are used for muscle growth and athletic training. If you suffer from chronic nerve or muscle pain, you may have heard that a TENS or EMS unit can provide you with non-addictive, drug-free relief. While both units are powerful therapeutic solutions, only the TENS unit is used strictly for pain therapy. EMS machines are used for the rehabilitation of muscles after injury, as well as athletic training, but are not solely for pain relief. In general, EMS units are used for therapeutic muscle stimulation and growth, and TENS units are used to relieve pain symptoms. 

It is important to note that these units don’t function the same way. TENS uses electrical currents to confuse pain signals which essentially diverts pain from being “felt”. EMS sends an electrical signal to your muscles that causes a contraction for the purpose of exercising and building muscles; this is the same electric signal your brain would send to your muscles to make them contract. Knowing what makes these two therapy devices unique will help you decide if you should choose a TENS unit or an EMS unit. Alternatively, you may want a TENS EMS combination machine which can not only relieve pain but build muscles therapeutically to prevent pain in the future.

What is EMS (Electric Muscle Stimulation)

EMS or Electric Muscle Stimulation is the process of causing muscle contractions by using an external electrical charge or pulse that is created by an EMS machine or device. How does exactly does EMS work? Electrodes are placed on the skin over the muscle that you are going to exercise. An electrical charge is sent into the muscle charging the muscle’s fibers which then causes the muscle contraction. This is the same action muscles go through during exercise and motion. So, it is basically exercising your muscles as if you were sending the signal for the muscle to contract yourself. This is different from TENS, as they do not make the muscles contract.

What an EMS Unit is Used For

EMS stands for electronic muscle stimulation. These units are made to offer relief by stimulating the muscles themselves. Electric Muscle Stimulation is used in therapy to treat swelling and inflammation which puts a strain on both the muscles themselves and their supporting joints. By reducing inflammation, these units can help restore function and prevent joints from becoming dislocated by strained muscles. Physical therapists and doctors often recommend EMS units to their patients for muscular pain relief. They can reduce muscle spasms and edema, which are leading causes of muscle pain and loss of function. Also, they are often used in clinical and home settings to encourage greater healing by stimulating blood flow and improving range of motion. When used for blood flow stimulation, they are often able to ease muscle tension and to reduce stiffness in joints and muscles that can cause restrictions in motion. EMS units are particularly good at increasing blood circulation in the back and neck because these areas tend to be a source of more tension than the rest of the body. You could use an EMS unit if:

  • You suffer from muscle spasms
  • Have poor blood circulation
  • Have suffered from muscle atrophy
  • Your muscles need to be stimulated and re-educated
  • Your muscles are weak and lack tone
  • You have lost range of motion due to an injury or illness
  • You have recently had a surgery and doctors want to prevent DVT in your lower legs

What a TENS Unit Does

TENS stands for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. These units are designed to give pain relief by sending comforting, non-painful impulses through the skin to the nerves underneath. This electronic stimulation can reduce or eliminate the pain due to a nerve disorder or chronic health condition.

What is Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation or TENS?

Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation or TENS is a pain therapy using electrical impulses to relive pain naturally, without the use of drugs or narcotics. The electrical pulses stimulate nerve endings and the skin to create endorphins and confuse pain signals; TENS units deploy the stimulating pulses to distract your brain and help prevent pain signals from reaching your brain. These units can also stimulate your body to create its own natural painkillers known as endorphins, and these natural feel-good chemicals are key to pain relief and mood enhancement for those who suffer from painful chronic conditions. Manu TENS units offer a number of modes and programs so the therapy can be directed to an individual’s needs. It is easy to change the modes on these units for maximum pain relief. However, it is important to keep in mind that the level of pain relief will vary according to the individual and their condition. You might use a TENS unit if:

  • You have acute or chronic pain,
  • Have pain after a surgery
  • Suffer from post-operative incision pain
  • Have regular migraines or tension headaches
  • You have suffered from sports or activity injuries that cause chronic pain
  • You suffer from arthritis
  • You have tendonitis or bursitis
  • You have cancer pain
  • You suffer from pain from wound healing

Which Unit Should You Choose?

Deciding between a TENS and EMS unit can be a challenge. If you are not sure if your pain is caused mainly by muscle or nerve problems, talk with your doctor or physical therapist. They can direct you towards the best unit to help control pain. If you currently take medications for nerve pain, a TENS unit may be a better choice than an EMS unit. If you are currently taking medication to target muscle pain, stiffness, or spasms, then an EMS unit is probably a better choice than a TENS unit. These types of units are also a good choice if a masseuse, physical therapist, or chiropractor has noted that your pain may be caused by muscle tension. In some cases, if you suffer from chronic pain that involves both the nerves and the muscles you can find relief from combination units that offer both TENS and EMS capabilities. These lightweight combo units are designed to offer the best in therapeutic solutions for those who suffer from ongoing pain or chronic health conditions. 

A Smart Foodie

A foodie is known for seeking out new food experiences as pleasure rather than merely dining out based on convenience or hunger. Their goal is to immerse totally into the experience as a journey. Here are several suggestions to change from a mere diner out and grow into a Smart Foodie.

One key to dining out successfully is to always check a restaurant menu in advance. A smart foodie wants to know upon entering a restaurant for the first time what the house specialties are and what piques their curiosity. Looking at a restaurant’s web own site or at Yelp!, Zagat, or Urban Spoon can set an expectation and plant the seed for entrées which will stretch the palate.

Upon reading the menu, Smart Foodies look beyond the entrees meat, sauce, starch and sides with a deeper description for the spices. The recent popularity of cilantro shows how a spice adds boldness or nuisance to a dish. Just a dash of cilantro will give beef, seafood and poultry a real boost, as if it was straight from the Caribbean, Latin America, or the Far East.

Smart foodies with special dietary requirements always do pre-meal planning. Since checking a label for ingredients is nearly impossible when out, smart foodies come into the restaurant knowing what is in and out of bounds for their diet. To counter acidic tastes, High Fructose Corn Syrup is added to many tomato based favorites including pizza sauce, salsa, red pasta sauces or even tomato soup. For someone with diabetes, hidden HFCS will cause quite serious blood sugar spikes and should be avoided.  

Smart foodies practice portion control. Many restaurants serve diners enormous quantities of food, far beyond what someone would eat at home. When ordering an entrée, Smart Foodies request the server bring a take-out container along with the meal. Once served, they divide the entrée in half, place one portion directly into the to-go box, close the lid and push it to the far end of the table.  They then finish only what’s on their plate. As their appestat kicks in, a smart foodie feels satisfied, not overstuffed.

Smart foodies use shrewd strategies to take their taste buds on a journey to where it never has gone before. Upon the meal’s conclusion, they leave the table with both a filling meal and an interesting story that they will almost always share.